Fish and Fisheries of India by V. G. Jhingran: A Comprehensive Review
Fish and Fisheries of India is a classic book on the subject of ichthyology and aquaculture, written by Dr. V. G. Jhingran, a renowned Indian fishery scientist and former director of the Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute. The book was first published in 1975 and has since been revised and enlarged in several editions, the latest being the third edition published in 1991.
The book covers various aspects of fish biology, classification, zoogeography, ecology, culture, management, and utilization in India. It provides detailed information on the diversity, distribution, and status of more than 2,000 species of freshwater and marine fishes found in Indian waters. It also describes the history, development, and prospects of fishery resources and aquaculture in India, with special reference to the major river systems, lakes, reservoirs, estuaries, and coastal zones.
The book is divided into six parts: Part I deals with the general introduction to fish and fisheries of India; Part II covers the systematic account of fishes; Part III discusses the ecology and biology of fishes; Part IV focuses on the culture and management of fishes; Part V examines the fishery resources and their utilization; and Part VI presents some special topics such as fish genetics, fish nutrition, fish diseases, fish processing, and fish marketing.
The book is written in a clear and concise style, with numerous tables, figures, maps, photographs, and references. It is a valuable source of information for students, teachers, researchers, managers, planners, and policy makers involved in fishery science and aquaculture. It is also a useful guide for anyone interested in learning more about the fish and fisheries of India.
One of the unique features of the book is that it covers both the freshwater and marine fishes of India, which are often treated separately in other books. The book also gives a comprehensive account of the endemic and exotic fishes of India, as well as the threatened and endangered species. The book highlights the importance of conserving the fish biodiversity and maintaining the ecological balance of the aquatic ecosystems.
Another distinctive feature of the book is that it provides practical information on the culture and management of various types of fishes, such as carps, catfishes, tilapias, trout, ornamental fishes, and prawns. The book describes the methods and techniques of fish breeding, hatchery operation, pond preparation, fertilization, feeding, harvesting, and post-harvest handling. The book also discusses the problems and challenges faced by the fish farmers and suggests possible solutions and remedies.
The book is not only a scientific treatise on fish and fisheries of India, but also a reflection of the author's passion and dedication to the field. Dr. Jhingran has made significant contributions to the development and promotion of fishery science and aquaculture in India and abroad. He has received several awards and honors for his outstanding work, such as the Padma Shri in 1974, the Rafi Ahmed Kidwai Award in 1976, and the FIE Foundation Award in 1989. He has also authored several other books and publications on fishery topics. 29c81ba772